Daily Word

First Public Miracle | John 2:1-5

1 On the third day there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there; 2 and both Jesus and His disciples were invited to the wedding. 3 When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus *said to Him, “They have no wine.” 4 And Jesus *said to her, “What business do you have with Me, woman? My hour has not yet come.” 5 His mother *said to the servants, “Whatever He tells you, do it.”

John 2:1-5 (NASB)

First public miracle

John quickly moves to miracles, which will show that Jesus indeed is the Messiah. A wedding on the third day is the scene. “Third day starting when?”, you may ask. Remember that the original transcripts of the Bible have no chapter and verse distinctions so, this was three days after the meeting with Nathanael (see yesterday). Cana is west of the Sea of Galilee toward the ocean (see the map). The wedding was likely the family of Jesus since His mom, Mary, was there and got involved. Andrew, Peter, Philip and Nathanael may have been the only disciples since all the disciples had not been called yet.

Interaction with Mary

Mary felt some responsibility to help with the situation. She may have seen some “small” miracles Jesus did around home. Regardless, she expected and had faith He could fix the situation so she brought it to Jesus.

At the surface, it looks like Jesus is rude to address her as “woman”. Actually, it revealed a close relationship. “It is the same term by which he tenderly addressed Mary Magdalene after his resurrection (Jn 20:15), and his mother when he was on the cross, Jn 19:26.” (Barnes’ commentary)

The rest of the sentence could seem disrespectful. I like Enduringword.com’s explanation: “What He really said to Mary was, ‘We now have a different relationship. Let me consult My heavenly Father.’ Jesus must have prayed and then known what to do, because He later said [this] in this Gospel (John 5:19, 30; 8:28, 29)”.

Not my time

Most believe Jesus meant His time for public miracles had not yet come. The fact that Jesus uses “yet” leaves the door open for a miracle at any time. It seems Mary understood this and told the servants to do whatever He says. She had faith and knew her son would do right. 

<- Reflection ->
  • Do we know Jesus well enough to ask for His assistance according to His will?
  • Can you see the benefit of deeper study of His word to understand more?
  • Note: this is NOT fodder for theology that elevates Mary to be god-like.

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